The three leading diabetes types are Diabetes type 1, Diabetes type 2 and gestational Diabetes.
In a non-diabetic, the pancreas produces the hormone insulin which enables the body to use the glucose which is formed when certain foods are broken down after eating. With the aid of the hormone, glucose passes from the bloodstream and into the cells.
In a diabetic, the pancreas either produces too little or no insulin, or the body is unable to utilize that which it does produce.
Correct diagnosis is the first step to good management. Your health care professional will advise you but the main characteristics are listed below.
Characteristics of Diabetes Type 1
- Your body is unable to produce some insulin.
- You will always need to take insulin in injection form.
- It usually has it’s onset in your younger years.
Characteristics of Diabetes Type 2
- Your body either does not produce enough insulin, or it is unable to use the insulin it does produce effectively.
- It may be treated with a combination of diet and exercise as well as oral medication.
- Insulin injections are not always needed but may still form part of your treatment.
- It usually occurs later in life.
Characteristics of Gestational Diabetes
- Occurs in a small percentage of non-diabetic women during pregnancy.
- It may be treated with insulin though this is not always necessary.
- Blood glucose levels commonly return to normal after the birth of the baby.