Type 2 diabetes is caused by high level of sugar in the blood and it is the most common type of diabetes. It happens due to problems by our body to use or make insulin. Our body needs insulin to move sugar (glucose) into cells. It is where the glucose is stored and later used for energy.
When the body fails to react correctly to insulin, you have type 2 diabetes, which is also known as insulin resistance. It means that liver, fat and muscle cells fail to respond as usual to insulin. Therefore, glucose does not get into cells to be stored as energy.
Sugar will be stuck in the blood stream and fails to enter cells. This will be caused abnormally high sugar levels in the blood. The high level of sugar in the blood will cause the pancreas to produce more insulin but that is still not enough to cater the body’s demand.
People who are obesity or overweight are very likely to have type 2 diabetes because the body fails to use insulin correctly due to excess of fat.
Type 2 diabetes usually occurs among people who are overweight or from family history and genetics. Poor diet and lack of exercises are the two main factors that contribute to type 2 diabetes. If you are fat especially if you have an excess of weight around your waist, you must take extra precaution. One way to prevent diabetes is by taking healthy foods especially vegetables and fruits. Exercise regularly will burn cholesterol, and as a result, you will maintain an ideal body weight.
Other risk factors include high blood pressure, age above 40 years and ethnicity or race.
The common symptoms of diabetes type 2 are blurred vision, erectile dysfunction, fatigue, slow healing infection, increase appetite and thirst and frequent urinating. If you have these signs, you must go to see your doctor for further checkup.